William Kingdon Clifford published the paper defining his "geometric algebras" in 1878, the year before his death. Clifford algebra is a generalisation to n-dimensional space of quaternions, which Hamilton used to represent scalars and vectors in real three-space: it is also a development of Grassmann's algebra, incorporating in the fundamental relations inner products defined in terms of the metric of the space. It is a strange fact that the Gibbs Heaviside vector techniques came to dominate in scientific and technical literature, while quaternions and Clifford algebras, the true associative algebras of inner-product spaces, were regarded for nearly a century simply as interesting mathematical curiosities. During this period, Pauli, Dirac and Majorana used the algebras which bear their names to describe properties of elementary particles, their spin in particular. It seems likely that none of these eminent mathematical physicists realised that they were using Clifford algebras. A few research workers such as Fueter realised the power of this algebraic scheme, but the subject only began to be appreciated more widely after the publication of Chevalley's book, 'The Algebraic Theory of Spinors' in 1954, and of Marcel Riesz' Maryland Lectures in 1959. Some of the contributors to this volume, Georges Deschamps, Erik Folke Bolinder, Albert Crumeyrolle and David Hestenes were working in this field around that time, and in their turn have persuaded others of the importance of the subject.
During the last 30 years there have been several attempts at extending the notion of entropy to noncommutative dynamical systems. The authors present in the book the two most successful approaches to the extensions of measure entropy and topological entropy to the noncommutative setting and analyze in detail the main models in the theory.
The book addresses mathematicians and physicists, including graduate students, who are interested in quantum dynamical systems and applications of operator algebras and ergodic theory. Although the authors assume a basic knowledge of operator algebras, they give precise definitions of the notions and in most cases complete proofs of the results which are used.
This book was written for those diagnosed with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. It can be difficult to navigate the complexities of this condition, and I hope this book will help to prepare you to take on the challenge of living life after the diagnosis. We are born with EDS, yet finally receiving a diagnosis is devastating to many of us. This book includes some personal stories, so that you will be able to see how others have dealt with the diagnosis and learned to live their lives as they have faced the challenge of EDS and overcame the obstacle of self-pity, to move forward into a new life. Faith is the backbone of this book and I hope that through faith you will also learn to cope with EDS.
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